New Architecture in Japan

Wednesday, August 4, 2010 , Posted by HB at 6:46 PM

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Flicking through the opening pages of this book, three key images present contrasting  traits of Japanese architecture. There is of course much more to come, with over 600 photographs,  two essays and over 100 case studies. Nevertheless, these introductory images seem particularly well chosen. Shot  by photographer Edmund  Sumner – with text by wife Yuki and co-authors Pollock and Littlefield – Atelier Bow-Wow’s Gae House, Sou Fujimoto’s Final Wooden House and Terunobu Fujimori’s Takasugi-an illustrate the curious nature of contemporary Japanese architecture by setting an ingeniously planned domestic building alongside the nation’s love of traditional craft and fascination with the absurd.

 

In one of the project’s  most celebrated images, Sumner’s enthusiastic manner persuaded the client of Gae House to pose in his sunken study, where he prepares literary critiques with bikes hanging overhead and shoes neatly aligned next to the front door. With equal fluency, the photographer’s interpretation  of Fujimoto’s rustic bunk barn shows how the interior regularises but preserves the wilderness of the surrounding forest, while his ungrounded image of Fujimori’s tree/tea house amplifies the manner in which this maverick architect takes history with a pinch of salt, as he takes tea within his own curious bird box. Whatever the context – be it city, suburb or woodland clearing – Sumner’s shots surprise and delight, giving this book equal appeal  to anyone with an interest in  the culture or nature of this fascinating country. And,  for those who want to delve deeper, essays bring first-hand accounts of the current architectural scene.

 

image Sou Fujimoto’s Final Wooden House

 

 

Perhaps a victim of the  tried and tested (and popular) intro-essay-case-study publishing format, there is  little connection between Edmund and Yuki’s observations in the book. The fact that the Sumners work so closely together, reading architecture  in different media, could have produced far more critical tension had a more bespoke format been used to record  their combined efforts. That said, however, the project  texts are clear and concise  and two essays cover the common ground of Japan’s haphazard and chaotic  condition while successfully making their own mark. Yuki leads the narrative with a piece entitled The Residue of Japan-ness, in which she wrestles with describing the ambiguity  of Japan-ness, saying that  as ‘a comfort zone from the nation’s traumatic past …  subtle subversions of the norm  offer temporary escape from stifling rules and regulations, rituals and protocols that plague its society’, before focusing  on two current dualities. First,  the recent trend to embrace visual chaos, which goes against the tactic epitomised  by Tadao Ando, who traditionally built solid walls to contain interiors. Second, the duality between ‘the jagged, earthy work of Fujimoto and Fujimori  on one side; and the smooth, transparent, more refined output of Ito, Kengo Kuma and SANAA  on the other’. Pollock also discusses variations of Japanese normality in her  essay Architecture in Japan: In Context. Here she quotes architect Hitoshi Abe to describe the current post-bubble condition, saying that ‘until about 20 years ago, you often heard Japanese culture being dismissed as “all copies no originals” … [but] it’s now an indisputable fact that Japan  has become a nation that exports culture.’

 

image  Terunobou Fujimori’s Takasugi-an, a tea house on stilts

 

 

In accordance with Abe’s claim, this book clearly shows that the best from Japan is  now all original, producing some of the world’s most creatively charged work in response  to its remarkably energetic environment. With one or two niggles, such as the omission  of a contents map, this is by  far the best book on Japan’s recent architectural exports.

 

 

+ Captures Japan’s creative, chaotic condition     

 

-  A more bespoke format might have better suited the collaborative approach

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